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Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan found in the catalog.

Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan

Mahmood Iqbal Sheikh

Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan

by Mahmood Iqbal Sheikh

  • 346 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Pakistan Forest Institute in Peshawar .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Afforestation -- Pakistan.,
  • Arid regions -- Pakistan.,
  • Reclamation of land -- Pakistan.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementMahmood Iqbal Sheikh.
    SeriesField document -- 13
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSD409. S53 1986
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, [4], 154 p., [13] leaves of plates :
    Number of Pages154
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16771095M

    Effects of afforestation and vegetation dynamics on soil erosion in a semi-arid environment (SE Spain) E. Chirmo*, J.R. Sanchez^, A. Bonet^ & J, Department of Soil Science, Agrarian University of Havana, Cuba. * Department of Ecology, University of Alicante, Spain. This Public Private Partnership project, conducted on behalf of our client, aimed at the large-scale afforestation of arid areas by irrigation with sewage water. The objective is to generate additional income from wood, wooden biomass, energy crops and carbon trading.

      On this basis, the climate of arid and semi-arid northwestern China appears to be unsuitable for afforestation using the tree species that are currently being used, which have low water-use efficiency (Liu , ); as a result, the natural climax vegetation of such areas is grassland or desert vegetation communities (Liu , ). The semi-arid regions of the world rely on a relatively small number of staple food crops, most of which are also grown in the temperate humid climates. The Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) has established two international research .

    Afforestation and reforestation in Mediterranean and semi-arid zones Israel is divided into three phytogeography regions: the Mediterranean region, the Irano-Turanian region (semi-arid) and the Saharo-Sindi region (arid). The Mediterranean region has a yearly average rainfall of over mm, which in the North may reach 1, mm or more. Is Karachi experiencing climate change? particularly in arid and semi-arid regions, will lead to reduced agricultural productivity”. Afforestation is the answer to Karachi and other.


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Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan by Mahmood Iqbal Sheikh Download PDF EPUB FB2

Miscellaneous: Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan. + pp. ref ref Abstract: A study in 10 sections entitled: Introduction; Arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan pakistan Subject Category: Geographic EntitiesCited by: 1. The need to make better use of less productive areas thus becomes an urgent priority for human endeavour.

In this respect, the arid and semi-arid regions of the world, occupying ab million acres or 4, million hectares, roughly one third of the tota11and surface, pose a constant challenge to man's technological skill.

Afforestation of arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan. By M.I. Sheikh and FO. Topics: UNDP PROJECT, AFFORESTATION, FOREST TREES, CULTIVATION Author: M.I. Sheikh and FO.

Afforestation, Reforestation and Forest Restoration in Arid and Semi-arid Tropics is intended for professionals engaged in planning, monitoring, and coordinating afforestation and reforestation programs, as well as for field supervisors responsible for implementing those programs.

It will also serve as a valuable reference guide for planners and policymakers in governments and donor agencies concerned with natural resource management Price Range: £ - £ Studies are reported from the Thal Desert, Pakistan (annual rainfall mm), using different methods of site preparation and tree species.

The site preparation methods involved different water harvesting techniques: sloping catchments with 1-m slopes (1 in 3) with or without an m deep trench; a trench m wide and m deep; and pits of m diameter and m depth.

The working group «Afforestation of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands» is geographically restricted to lower altitude and low available moisture zones of Kenya, which can also be described as the agricultural lowpotential areas of the country. Pakistan is mainly a dryland country, where 80 % of its land is arid and semi-arid.

Two-third of its human population depends on these drylands to support their livelihood. Rs 35 billion project to make NWFP lush green in Pakistan Inspector-General of Forests Dr Bashir Ahmed Wani said that a gigantic project worth Rs billion has been approved to make the arid and semi-arid areas of NWFP lush green.

The forests of Pakistan reflect great physiographic, climatic and edaphic contrasts in the an is an oblong stretch of land between the Arabian sea and Karakoram mountains, lying diagonally between 24° N and 37° N latitudes and 61° E and 75° E longitudes, and covering an area of million hectares.

According to UNCCD reports, desertification — land degradation in arid and semi-arid areas — is a pressing global environmental challenge, currently affecting an estimated million people. The book is a comprehensive manual of practice for execution of afforestation and tree planting programmes in arid and semi-arid tropics.

It includes a compact running account of the technology of afforestation and the relevant principles and practices in management of afforestation cturer: Springer.

Afforestation in arid and semi-arid areas in Pakistan, STONE E.C. "Prevention of Container-induced Root Malformation in Pinus pinaster and Pinus Halepensis Seedlings Following Transplantation" - Report for UNDP/FAO Project, Institut National de Recherches Forestières, Tunisie, Semiarid regions are a subtype of dry land with an aridity index (i.e., ratio of total annual precipitation to potential evapotranspiration) between and (Lal, ).Soils in semiarid regions have frequently been degraded by historical land use, resulting in low soil.

It helps in the choice of species for afforestation. It is an aid to recognize Climatic conditions. The Tropical Thorn forests of Pakistan are located in the desert areas 90 percent plants of Punjab and Sindh are arid or semi-arid and having tropical thorn forests.

2) These forests in the deserts of. The Department of Forestry & Range Management was established in the year The Department has a mandate to carry out both teaching and research to address the problems of land degradation, with special emphasis on problems of rangeland degradation, deforestation and proper management of natural resources of arid and semi arid regions of the country.

Pakistan is a forest poor country where less than 6 per cent of total area is under forests. Since most of area falls in arid and semi-arid region, low precipitation naturally deters the growth of forests. Every year thousands of hectares of forest is destroyed, making way for various human activities.

Thus, an excessive reliance on afforestation to implement China's ecological restoration programs in arid and semi-arid regions is risky. Growth and survival of vegetation in China's arid and semi-arid regions are strongly limited by the availability of water (Donohue et al., ).

Pakistan has some great desert areas. These include Thar desert in Sindh, Cholistan in Punjab, Bahawalpur,Rahim Yaar Khan, Jacobabad and central parts of Northern Areas.

Semi-Arid regions: Semi-Arid regions receive greater amount of rainfall than Arid areas. The annual precipitation here is mm. A large amount of area of our country is. Chapter 2. Re-afforestation and Water Environment in Arid and Semi-Arid area Section 1.

Strategies for Water Sharing In dry land ecosystem, many plant species can coexist by using the wisdom of sharing water resources under severe water stress in harsh environment.

In arid areas, intra- and. This abundantly illustrated and unique book in English presents a panorama of the biodiversity, climatology and native flora of the arid zones of Uzbekistan and describes about dominant range. Afforestation means establishing the stand of trees or a forest in a particular open area where no one had established a tree in past.

Reforestation means reestablishment of the area under forest, it can be done by natural means (like seeding, root suckers or coppice) or by .per captia forest area is merely hectare compared with world average of one hectare. The primary reason for meager forest area is that most of land area (%) of Pakistan falls in arid or semi arid zones where precipitation is too low to support tree growth.

Table: Forest areas. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi- arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates.

• Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi.